The water on the Left is AMD, flowing directly, untreated into the hippodam in the Krugersdorp Game Reserve – not the bright yellow colour of the iron and uranium in the water. The water on the Right side on the photo, is a fawn-coloured brown – this water is water treated with a buffering medium – calcium carbonate – the pH of the water on the Left is 2.6 and on the right as high as 9 – 10. Rand Uranium concedes that they can’t get the pH corrected. They manage to raise the pH further upstream, but by the time the two streams merge, the pH is totally out of control again!

Read More...

The AMD (Acid Mine Drainage) is heavily contaminated water containing primarily radio-active uranium, cadmium, lead, arsenic and a cocktail of toxic metals so dangerous that, and I quote: “(that it) caused depletion of dolomite in two-and-a-half years – under normal circumstances, this would have taken millions of years”. The article reads that the Witwatersrand, home to the world’s biggest gold and uranium mining basin, is where mining operations have ‘raped the earth for its gold and uranium, left behind gaping holes in the ground, polluted river sources and disrupted and left unenriched communities’, says Mrs. Mariëtte Liefferink, chief executive for the Federation for Sustainable Environment.

Read More...